Why do we need the project?
Rural communities in developing countries suffer from a lack of communication services, sometimes replaced by an expensive and difficult-to-maintain public satellite phone, usually subsidized by Government, without data services.
In some communities, WiFi or WiMAX provides wireless Internet and voice coverage to a restricted number of inhabitants for health and educational services. The tradeoff cost-effectiveness is quite disadvantageous.
In larger towns, cellular telephony has a limited access to Internet (GSM, GPRS) or no access at all, due to low capacity backhauling. However, this has not prevented a quick and successful adoption of cellular technologies (e.g. Sta Clotilde, in Peru).
In rural areas of developing countries, voice and Internet access must converge with the help of cellular technologies, but three difficulties need to be solved:
- Backhaul capacity
- Cost of base stations
- Business models adapted to people with lowest incomes